Skip to content
Quick exitFirst NationsTranslationsGet helpSearch

Obligations to your staff

A workplace free from discrimination, sexual harassment and bullying is not just good for business, it is the law. Unlawful behaviour will cost you time and money, damage morale, reduce productivity and undermine your reputation. Organisations that understand their obligations towards staff will create a positive and healthy place to work, improving productivity and reputation.

A group of workers in a business meeting. They sit at a long table. They all have their laptops out.

Photo by Christina Morillo from Pexels

Why does equal opportunity matter?

Employers have a vital role in making equal opportunity a reality for Victorians. We know this because the majority of complaints made to the Commission are about workplace behaviour.

In 2020-21, 46% of discrimination complaints and a staggering 80% of sexual harassment complaints we received stem from employment.

As an employer, your responsibilities are set out in the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 and the Racial and Religious Tolerance Act 2001.

The Commission can help you make sure you are meeting your obligations.

What are my obligations?

Employers have a responsibility to recruit staff in a non-discriminatory way and maintain a workplace that is safe and free from discrimination.

They also have a responsibility to make sure their workplace is safe and free from sexual harassment or victimisation.

While a person is responsible for their own unlawful behaviour, employers can also be held responsible.

Employers can be held legally responsible for workplace incidents of:

Employers also have responsibilities under federal anti-discrimination laws.

The positive duty

Equal opportunity is about more than just fixing issues as they arise. Genuine equal opportunity means creating an environment where unfair treatment and problem behaviour is unlikely to happen in the first place.

Under the Equal Opportunity Act 2010, organisations have a positive duty to eliminate discrimination, sexual harassment and victimisation as far as possible. This means that positive action should be taken to prevent these behaviours – regardless of whether someone has made a complaint.

Victoria is unique in having a positive duty, which creates an opportunity to prevent unlawful behaviour. It helps organisations put a healthy workplace culture in place, just as occupational health and safety laws require employers to take appropriate steps to ensure injuries don’t occur.

To ensure they are complying with the positive duty, organisations should also put measures in place to ensure that complaints are responded to swiftly and appropriately when they do arise.

The positive duty is about addressing the systemic causes of discrimination, sexual harassment and victimisation.

Meeting your positive duty towards staff might include:

  • ensuring policies and procedures are in place and understood by staff
  • training all staff on acceptable workplace behaviour
  • making sure polices and procedures applied
  • reducing workplace stressors and risks
  • using inclusive leadership styles
  • making sure leaders role model appropriate workplace behaviour and recognise inappropriate behaviour.

Find out more about the positive duty

Who do my obligations apply to?

All stages of employment are covered by the Equal Opportunity Act, including:

See our Employee rights and workplace hub for information about these topics and more.

Does the Charter apply?

The Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act (the Charter) is a Victorian law that sets out the basic rights, freedoms and responsibilities of all people in Victoria. It is about the relationship between government and the people it serves.

The Charter requires public authorities, such as Victorian state and local government departments and agencies, and people delivering services on behalf of government, to act consistently with the human rights in the Charter.

If you work for a public authority you can find more about your responsibilities under the Charter in the For public sector section of our website.

How can the Commission help?

The Commission has a range of tools and services to help businesses, employers and organisations meet their responsibilities under the Equal Opportunity Act.

We provide education and consultancy services including:

    • tailored organisational reviews
    • compliance and best practice reviews of equal opportunity and human rights education programs
    • working in partnership with organisations to encourage and support good practice
    • reviewing policies and practices to give guidance.

We can carry out organisational reviews to strengthen policies, processes and systems to improve workplace safety.

Our reviews are suitable for organisations of all sizes and across all industries. We always tailor the size and scope of the work to meet an organisation’s needs and budget. We also have experience in major organisational review that reflects our expertise, for example see our Independent Review into sex discrimination and sexual harassment, including predatory behaviour, in Victoria Police.

Contact us

We welcome calls from businesses, organisations and employers who would like more information about how we can help them meet their obligations under the Equal Opportunity Act.

Contact our Enquiry Line on 1300 292 153 (10am–2pm, weekdays), or email

You might also be interested in

Human rights and equality courses

We are the experts in Victoria’s Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities (2006), the Equal Opportunity Act (2010) and the Change or Suppression (Conversion) Practices Prohibition Act (2021). Our courses can help you and your organisation develop, adopt and drive leading practice on equal opportunity and human rights, and prevent discrimination.

Guideline for the recruitment industry and employers: Complying with the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 in recruitment – Jul 2014

Was this page helpful?
Please select Yes or No and the second form section will appear below:

Level 3, 204 Lygon Street Carlton Victoria 3053

General enquiries

1300 891 848

Enquiry line
1300 292 153 or (03) 9032 3583

1300 152 494

NRS Voice Relay
1300 555 727 then use 1300 292 153

Media enquiries
0447 526 642

The Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission acknowledges that we work on the traditional lands of the Wurundjeri people of the Kulin Nation. We also work remotely and serve communities on the lands of other Traditional Custodians.

We pay our respects to their Elders past and present.